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November 11, 2020

Can diabetes affect my eyes?

Diabetes is a multi-organ disease and our eye is one of the organs affected. Diabetes is a complex metabolic condition in which body either can’t produce insulin, or can’t use insulin efficiency. Insulin helps in breaking down food in simple sugars and delivers it to cells throughout your body for energy. The amount of sugar in your blood builds up if you don’t have enough insulin to break it down, is known as hyperglycemia. While low blood sugar is known as hypoglycemia. If diabetes is undiagnosed or left untreated, it can cause damage your eyes that can lead to poor vision or even blindness. But you can take steps to prevent diabetic eye diseases, or keep it from getting worse, by taking care of your diabetes.

Simple ways to manage your diabetes are:

  • Monitor blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
  • Increase physical activity, like brisk walking, jogging and yoga
  • Consult your eye doctor for a dilated eye exam once a year

Common eye conditions associated with diabetes are:


Our eye works like camera and eye lens focuses light on to the retina to form an image. Diabetes can cause cataracts and in cataract this eye lens becomes cloudy, it leads to a blurry image. These results in the blocking of light, as well as decreased vision, often require corrective surgery. The doctor replaces the cloudy lens with an artificial one and helps you in getting a clear vision.

Diabetic retinopathy

Retina is the inner lining of the eye and Diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy. It is a condition in which small blood vessels are weaken and leak blood into the retina. This is the Major concern for blindness due to diabetics. Early symptoms are like other eye diseases including blurry vision, distorted vision or seeing floaters. If the disease gets worse, some blood vessels close off, which causes new blood vessels to grow, or proliferate, on the surface of the retina. This stage is called proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic macular edema

The macula is the center of the retina, and it’s the part of the eye that gives you sharp central vision. Diabetic macular edema (DME) occurs as one of the complication of diabetic retinopathy and may affect up to 10 percent of people with diabetes. Macular edema is when the macula swells due to leaking fluid. Other symptoms of macular edema include wavy vision and color changes. Apart from managing blood sugar levels, DME is treated by injecting anti-vascular endothelial growth-factor medicines into the eye, to prevent a recurrence of DME in the future.


As consequence to diabetes, Glaucoma is an eye condition that is likely to be developed. With glaucoma, Pressure builds up inside your eye when fluid can’t drain like it should. This can damage nerves and blood vessels, and cause changes in vision. Without treatment, depending on the type of glaucoma, peripheral vision and central vision is affected. Early diagnosis is the key to getting proper treatment and preventing blindness.

To ensure that diabetes doesn’t lead to vision problems in yourself or a loved one, please reach out to us Mumbai eye care at …

Mumbai Eye Care is a premium Multispecialty eyc clinic located at Ghatkopar (East) Mumbai and Ghatkopar (West) Mumbai. Our eye specialist and ophthalmic technicians care for patients of all ages from Mumbai City and surrounding areas. Call +91-8451045935 for more information about LASIK Surgery, Cataract Surgery, Cornea Transplant Surgery, Retina Surgery, Glaucoma Treatment and more other eye treatments.

*Disclaimer: All information on www.mumbaieyecare.com for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider.